Earth Observation in Malaria Vector Control and Management
Geographical Information Systems (GIS), Earth Observation (EO), Spatial Modelling and Statistical Analysis are increasingly being recognized as valuable tools for the management and planning of malaria vector control programmes. The EC 7th Framework Programme project MALAREO is lead by EUROSENSE and compiles a mixed European-African consortium combining years of experience in malaria control with GMES (Global Monitoring for Environment and Security) capacity. The projects main objective is the development and implementation of EO products and capacities within malaria vector control and management programmes in southern Africa.
The project site is the cross-border region of Mozambique, Swaziland and South Africa. The region is largely undeveloped, this being exacerbated because it falls within a malarious area. Increased anti-malarial drug resistance and inadequate malaria control measures in the past (mainly in south Mozambique) has contributed to this impeded development.
MALAREO aims at (i) the identification and prioritization of the current capacity needs in the project area, (ii) the development of EO methodologies in response to the needs, (iii) local EO capacity development and (iv) the dissemination and promotion of developed methodologies. The EO monitoring service combines frequently large area monitoring at high resolution (20m 30m) with detailed annual monitoring at very high resolution (0,5 m).
A gap analysis survey is carried out in the National Malaria Control Programmes of South-Africa, Mozambique and Swaziland to analyse the local use and capacity of EO methodologies for malaria vector control and management. As response to the user requirement survey, relevant and sustainable EO-products will be developed by the use of suitable sensor systems. Examples of such products are land use/cover classifications (indicate conditions for the vector ecology), high-resolution mapping of house distribution (supports the in-house spraying (IRS) campaigns) or the identification of permanent and transient water bodies (reflects favourable vector larval breeding sites) etc.
The project results will form the building blocks of a malaria EO monitoring cell that can deliver real, sustainable and affordable EO services supporting malaria control programmes.
Click here to download the poster. (link to the document Poster_Barcelona_conf_oct2011.pdf)
Read more about malareo on http://www.malareo.eu/<
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